Analgesic opioid used on anesthesic procedures.
- Remifentanil (Low Risk probable)
Very Low Risk
Compatible. Not risky for breastfeeding or infant.
Moderately safe. Mild risk possible. Follow up recommended. Read the Comment.
Poorly safe. Evaluate carefully. Use a safer alternative. Read the Comment.
Very High Risk
Not recommended. Cessation of breastfeeding or alternative.
- Reece-Stremtan Sarah, Campos Matilde, Kokajko Lauren, and The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine. Breastfeeding Medicine. ABM Clinical Protocol #15: Analgesia and Anesthesia for the Breastfeeding Mother, Revised 2017. Breastfeeding Medicine. 2017 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
- Zuppa A, Alighieri G, Riccardi R, Cavani M, Iafisco A, Cota F, Romagnoli C. Epidural analgesia, neonatal care and breastfeeding. Ital J Pediatr. 2014Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
- Howie WO, McMullen PC. Breastfeeding problems following anesthetic administration. J Perinat Educ. 2006Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
- Lee JJ, Rubin AP. Breast feeding and anaesthesia. Anaesthesia. 1993Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
- Madej TH, Strunin L. Comparison of epidural fentanyl with sufentanil. Analgesia and side effects after a single bolus dose during elective caesarean section. Anaesthesia. 1987Abstract