Retinol is also a name for vitamin A which is a natural component of human milk. Content in the human milk is about 2,800 IU/L (750 μ/L).
Infant's recommended dietary daily allowance is 2,000 IU (600 μ/L). Mother's recommended daily allowance is 3,200 IU (950 μ/L).
There is a risk for severe intoxication after an isolated dose of 25,000 IU or long-standing daily consumption of 5,000 IU.
After a megadose administration of vitamin A increases concentration to a double in the colostrum.
Supplementation with vitamin A to breastfeeding mothers or infants does not reduce mortality or morbidity among HIV affected offsprings, instead it increases the likelihood of transmission of HIV or subclinical mastitis in those mothers infected with HIV.
Vitamin A is widely distributed in the food of animal or vegetable origin. Except for populations affected with food shortage or nutritionally deficient, those women on a complete and varied diet do not need the intake of vitamin A supplementation
The List of Essential Medicines of WHO-2002 classifies it as compatible with breastfeeding.
We do not have alternatives for Retinol since it is relatively safe.
Very Low Risk
Compatible. Not risky for breastfeeding or infant.
Moderately safe. Mild risk possible. Follow up recommended. Read the Comment.
Poorly safe. Evaluate carefully. Use a safer alternative. Read the Comment.
Very High Risk
Not recommended. Cessation of breastfeeding or alternative.
- Antixerophthalmic Vitamin
- Vitamin A
- βιταμίνη α
Drug trade names
- Adermicina A Mama™
- Adermicina A Post Solar™
- Amenite A™
- Aquasol A™
- Atomoderma A-E™
- Atomoderma A™
- Augenschutz NA™
- Auxina A Masiva™
- Dermotin A™
- Factor AE™
- Multibionta Complex™
- Natalben Lactancia™
- Rinocusi Vitaminico™
- Videstim (Видестим)™
- Vita-POS (Вита-ПОС)™
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- Grilo EC, Lima MS, Cunha LR, Gurgel CS, Clemente HA, Dimenstein R. Effect of maternal vitamin A supplementation on retinol concentration in colostrum. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2015Abstract
- Ares Segura S, Arena Ansótegui J, Díaz-Gómez NM; en representación del Comité de Lactancia Materna de la Asociación Española de Pediatría. La importancia de la nutrición materna durante la lactancia, ¿necesitan las madres lactantes suplementos nutricionales? [The importance of maternal nutrition during breastfeeding: Do breastfeeding mothers need nutritional supplements?] An Pediatr (Barc). 2015Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
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- de Pee S. Benefits of postpartum vitamin A supplementation. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2012Abstract
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- Arsenault JE, Aboud S, Manji KP, Fawzi WW, Villamor E. Vitamin supplementation increases risk of subclinical mastitis in HIV-infected women. J Nutr. 2010Abstract
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- WHO / UNICEF. BREASTFEEDING AND MATERNAL MEDICATION Recommendations for Drugs in the Eleventh WHO Model List of Essential Drugs. Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development (WHO/UNICEF) 2002 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
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